Ferula gummosa is a perennial plant that can grow up to 1.00 meters tall. It is harvested from the wild for local and industrial use as food, medicine, and a source of materials.

Discover different forms of Galbanum

What is Galbanum?

Mentioned in the texts of all major ancient civilizations, Galbanum was long ago assigned mystical and healing powers. According to Exodus, it is part of the “perfumes” God revealed to Moses on Mount Sinai: “Take fragrant spices – Gum resin, onycha and galbanum – and pure frankincense, all in equal amounts.”

There are three states/forms for Galbanum, and the last one is Galbanum essential oil. Here we are describing these states to distinguish each from another:

1. Ferula Gammosa plant 2. Galbanum gum resin 3. Galbanum essential oil

State 1 – Galbanum plant: Ferula Gammosa

The first step for knowing Galbanum Essential Oil is the plant from which the oil comes from Ferula Gammosa.

The plant is also known by other names across the globe, such as Ferula Erubescens Boiss, Ferula Galbaniflua Boiss, Ferula Persica Sims, and Peucedanum Galbanifluum Baill.

A species of the Apiaceae family, Ferula Gammosa, is a native endemic plant in Iran, growing in the north and west mountainous regions at heights of 1800-3000 meters above sea level.

Ferula gummosa, with the Persian name of Barijeh, is reputed due to its traditional history
Ferula gummosa is a PERENNIAL growing to 1 m (3ft 3in) by 1 m (3ft 3in)

Ferula Gammosa is a monocarpic plant that means it flowers, sets seeds, and then dies. During the first few years of growing, it produces a crown of leaves, then stems grow and produce flowers and fruits in the last year.

The best time for planting is in Autumn (November and December) due to the necessity of cold for germination and the effects of moisture and cold on seed hormones.

If the seeds are planted in the spring, they will not sprout that year. Although, after a year and throughout winter, a small percentage of seeds sprout. The growth of this plant in the spring is at 3 to 25 °C, and it does not grow at temperatures above 25 °C. The average winter temperature is 10°C!

The whole plant, but especially the root, contains the gum resin
It is in flower from May to June, and the seeds ripen from June to August

State 2 – Galbanum gum

It is an aromatic gum resin and a product of the Ferula Gammosa plant, a certain umbelliferous Persian species. The stem contains resin ducts that carry a milky oleoresin.

Incisions are made at the base of the stalk from which the gum runs and hardens in the shape of brown drops upon exposure to the air. The gum is collected a few days later.

Two to three new cuts are made successively on the previous gashes. The exudate yield progressively increases with the number of cuts.

The aromatic gum resin 'Galbanum' is obtained from wounds made in the stem
Galbanum is collected by removing soil from around the top of the root and then cutting a slice off the root.

The gum resin contains a large quantity of essence. The resulting resin has a strong, fragrant, and bitter taste, supplied in two hard and soft forms.

Two types of hard galbanum gum are found in the market: drop-shaped (tear) and massive. The drop-one is secreted from the insect bites or natural scratches outside the plant.

Then, after a few days, the emerged resin is separated from the plant. The white to yellowish or yellowish-greenish-reddish-white drop is circular or absent-shaped with a lumpy, oily surface. If it breaks, the portions become yellow and transparent.

The massive Galbanum gum resin that accumulates in irregular drop segments in a bulky and dense part is exposed to various, irregularly dimensioned elements, often greenish, greenish, yellowish, or dark green. The massive Galbanum gum has the most share in the market and is more economical than other types.

Galbanum is an aromatic gum resin made from wilded-picked flowers in the mountains of Northern and central Iran. Still, as ferulantique, we directly source different forms of galbanum in Europe and Iran.

The soft form of Galbanum gum resin is also called honey galbanum due to its strong smell and a dark brown sap that looks like honey.

State 3 – Galbanum essential oil

The most precious production of Galbanum is Galbanum essential oil which is clear in color and is the result of the steam distilled process of the Galbanum gum resin.

Despite belonging to the Apiaceae family, the Galbanum essential oil does not share in any way the aroma of its relatives. It has a leafy-green earthy odor, with a slightly bitter rooty note – a strong but not overwhelming fragrance.

Galbanum essential oil is used widely in both the medicine and perfume industries. The Galbanum essential oil benefits are abundant, from treating various skin problems such as boils, wounds, pimples, and even pox to adding a unique flavor to dishes.

Focusing on perfumery, Galbanum is a popular fragrance ingredient. The essential oil is used extensively in modern perfumery as a fixative agent (an ingredient used to stabilize other perfume components).

The Galbanum essential oil is also used in some perfumes (usually oriental or chypre blends) to impart a fresh, natural “green” scent. This is why it is well-admired for its aroma, effectiveness, benefits, and value.

The essential oil is produced through water or steam distillation from the oleoresin or gum.
Ferulantique galbanum Essential Oil

Ferulantique Galbanum essential oil is the outcome of the gum resin process originating from Persian Galbanum plants grown in the mountains around Damavand and Zagros regions in Iran.

According to the laboratory results, the product is identified with EXCELLENT quality. For further information, please see Ferulantique Galbanum essential oil specifications on our website.

Blending with other oils

Galbanum can play a valuable role in creating perfume as an enriching base and a fixative. It has a strong aroma, so very little is needed, but it is flexible and will be blendable with various essential oils.

For a masculine scent, it will blend well with all the woody oils, cedarwood, sandalwood, vetiver, and cypress …

It will blend well with all the citrus oils, bergamot, lemon, mandarin, orange, and even some more flowery aromas such as palmarosa and geranium for a more feminine accord. Galbanum will blend well with all spices, black pepper, cardamom, ginger …

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Shopping Cart
Scroll to Top